In the field of Organizational development
(OD), Eric Trist
is a leading figure. Trist is one of the founders of the Tavistock Institute for Social Research in London. In 1949, his organizational research work, studying work crews in a coal mine, with Ken Bamsforth, resulted in the famous article, "Some Social and Psychological Consequences of the Longwall Method of Coal Getting."
He also collaborated with Fred Emery on developing the Socio-Technical Systems approach to work design.