is a large region in J. R. R. Tolkien's
fictional world of Middle-earth
. In the Second Age
, and possibly much earlier, it was largely forested, but the Dúnedain felled most of the forests to build ships
out of them. Much of it was encompassed in the early Third Age
by the kingdom of Arnor
, which later split into the rival kingdoms of Rhudaur
. The Shire
occupies part of the former kingdom of Arthedain, while Bree
and its neighbouring villages lie on the border with the former Cardolan. The Barrow-wights dwell within ancient burial mounds near the scene of an ancient battle between Arthedain and Cardolan. Other important places in Eriador are Rivendell
and the abandoned kingdoms of Eregion
. By the time of The War of the Ring
Eriador was largely deserted.
Its boundaries were:
- To the east, the Misty Mountains.
- To the north, the Ice-bay of Forochel, which flooded part of the lands of Morgoth after the War of Wrath.
- To the west, the mountains of Ered Lindon.
- To the south, the river Greyflood and the land of Enedwaith. After the War of Wrath, part of the southwestern border lies along the shores of Belegaer.
Important rivers were the Lune (Elvish Lhûn
), the Brandywine (Elvish Baranduin
) and the Greyflood.