is a procedural defense
via which a defendant
may argue that they should not be held criminally liable
which broke the law
, because they were induced (or entrapped
) by the police
to commit said acts. For the defense to be successful, the defendant must demonstrate that the police induced an otherwise unwilling person to commit a crime. However, when a person is predisposed to commit a crime, offering opportunities to commit the crime is not entrapment.
Entrapment is an issue that must be considered in designing sting operations.
John De Lorean was arrested in 1982 for selling cocaine to undercover police; in court, De Lorean argued that the police had asked him to sell them the cocaine (and threatened him as a form of coercion); he was found "not guilty". De Lorean's attorney stated in Time (March 19, 1984), "This [was] a fictitious crime. Without the Government, there would be no crime."
The defense of entrapment was unsuccessful in the Abscam operation in which which several Congressmen were convicted of bribery.
Alternate use: Entrapment 1999 movie starring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones.