is the belief in philosophy
that all knowledge is the result of our experiences. (See John Locke
's Tabula rasa
or "blank slate" theory.) Empiricism is closely allied with (philosophical) materialism
and opposed to Continental Rationalism
Empiricism is generally regarded as being at the heart of the modern scientific method, that our theories should be based on our observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith; that is, empirical research, inductive reasoning and deductive logic.
Names associated with empiricism include Aristotle, Francis Bacon, John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume
See also Continental Rationalism, Modern Rationalism.\n