Empirical methodEmpirical methods
are the means by which scientists gather information about the world in order to develop theories
. These include experiment
, disclosure for peer review
, and other ways in which theories are assessed by scientists. The term quasi-empirical methods
evolved to describe aspects of the scientific method
which are not amenable to disproof by experiment
. These are now widely recognized to constitute much of what is loosely called 'scientific consensus', as some theories are not amenable to direct experimental invalidation, or indeed controlled experiment.