Emile GaboriauÉmile Gaboriau
- September 28
), a French mystery
writer, novelist, and journalist, one of the pioneers of modern detective fiction
. Gaboriau's first book of the genre, L'Affaire Lerouge
(1866) introduced an amateur detective, who works logically. In the same book appeared also a young policeman named Lecoq, the hero in three of Gaboriau's detective novels. Lecoq was based on a real-life thief turned policeman, François Vidocq (1775-1857), whose memoirs, Les Vrais Mémoires de Vidocq
, mixed fiction and fact.
Gaboriau gained a huge following, but when Arthur Conan Doyle created Sherlock Holmes, Lecoq's international fame declined.
Gaboriau was born in the small town of Saujon, Charente-Martime. He died of pulmonary apoplexy on 28 September, 1873.
Online editions of his works