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Elizabeth of Russia

Elizabeth (Yelizaveta Petrovna, Елизавета Петровна) (December 18 1709 - January 5, 1762) reigned as the empress of Russia from 6 December 1741 until her death in Petersburg.

Table of contents
1 Life before becoming Empress
2 Foreign affairs
3 Internal affairs

Life before becoming Empress

Born in Kolomenskoye, Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter I and of his second wife, Catherine I (a former Latvian peasant, Martha Skavronskaya), gained the throne in 1741 due to an internal struggle between factions. The current emperor, the infant Ivan VI, ruled through the regency of his mother, Anna Leopoldovna. Anna allowed Germans serious political influence in Russia, and Elizabeth sided against her, gaining favor with the imperial guards. She staged a bloodless revolt, leading the coup herself.

Foreign affairs

After gaining the throne, Elizabeth leaned heavily on A. P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, her chancellor in her quest to rid Russia of German political influences. As German influence waned, French cultural influence became more prevalent. She took Russia into the War of Austrian succession from 1740 - 1748 and into the Seven Years' War in 1756 against Frederick II of Prussia. Her death in 1762 heralded the end of Russian participation in the Seven Years' War.

Internal affairs

Elizabeth took part in the founding of the University of Moscow and the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg

Her domestic policies allowed the nobles to gain dominance in local government while shortening their terms of service to the state.

Elizabeth brought her nephew, Peter, back to Russia from Holstein and arranged his marriage to Sophia of Anhalt-Zerbst, who later became Catherine the Great.

Preceded by:
Ivan VI
List of Russian Tsars Succeeded by:
Peter III