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2 Location/Area of Operation
3 External Aid
The organization specializes in armed attacks against high-level Egyptian Government personnel, including cabinet ministers, and car-bombings against official US and Egyptian facilities. The original Jihad was responsible for the assassination in 1981 of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. It also claimed responsibility for the attempted assassinations of Interior Minister Hassan al-Alfi in August 1993 and Prime Minister Atef Sedky in November 1993. It has not conducted an attack inside Egypt since 1993 and has never targeted foreign tourists there. It is responsible for the Egyptian Embassy bombing in Islamabad, Pakistan in 1995; in 1998, a planned attack against the US Embassy in Albania was thwarted.
The extent of its aid from outside of Egypt is not known. The Egyptian Government claims that both Iran and Osama Bin Ladin support the Jihad. It also may obtain some funding through various Islamic nongovernmental organizations, cover businesses, and criminal acts.\n