is a city located in Effingham County, Illinois
. As of the 2000
census, the city had a total population of 12,384. It is the county seat
of Effingham County6
Geography\nEffingham is located at 39°7'15" North, 88°32'45" West (39.120903, -88.545909)1
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 22.6 km²
). 22.5 km² (8.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.69% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census
, there are 12,384 people, 5,330 households, and 3,187 families residing in the city. The population density
is 551.5/km² (1,428.9/mi²). There are 5,660 housing units at an average density of 252.1/km² (653.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 97.79% White, 0.36% African American
, 0.19% Native American
, 0.59% Asian
, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population are Hispanic
of any race.
There are 5,330 households out of which 29.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% are married couples living together, 11.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% are non-families. 36.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.25 and the average family size is 2.96.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $34,761, and the median income for a family is $45,902. Males have a median income of $31,442 versus $21,543 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,132. 9.6% of the population and 6.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 12.9% are under the age of 18 and 7.9% are 65 or older.