Major General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
graduated from West Point
During the U.S. Civil War
, he prevented Confederate General Sibley from reaching California
and led troops that took Mobile
After the war, Canby was named army commander of the Department of the Columbia.
He was later sent in 1873
for participation in the Modoc War
The Modocs, entrenched in Captain Jack's Stronghold
south of Tule Lake, resisted army attacks
so effectively that a peace conference was arranged.
General Canby was shot and killed by Captain Jack
of the Modocs on April 11
, becoming the first, and only, general
killed during the Indian Wars
A cross in recognition of his killing was erected in Lava Beds National Monument.