Rostand is associated with neo-romanticism, and is best-known for his play Cyrano de Bergerac. Rostand's romantic plays provided an alternative to the naturalistic theatre popular during the late 19th century. One of Rostand's works, The Romancers, has been adapted as the highly successful musical comedy The Fantasticks.
Edmond Rostand was born in Marseille, France, into a wealthy and cultured Provençal family. His father was an economist and a poet, a member of the Marseille Academy and the Institut de France. Rostand studied literature, history, and philosophy at the Collège Stanislas in Paris, France. In 1910, Rostand became the youngest writer to be elected to the Académie française.
He died on December 2, 1918, a victim of the Great Flu Epidemic, and is buried in the Cimetiere de Marseille, Marseille, France.