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Earl of Lichfield

The Earl of Lichfield is a title originally created in the peerage of England that has twice become extinct and was recreated in the peerage of the United Kingdom.

The subsidiary titles of the present Earl of Lichfield are: Viscount Anson and Baron Soberton. Both are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and were created in 1806. The courtesy title of the eldest son and heir of the Earl is Viscount Anson.

Bernard Stewart, second son of Esme Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox was rewarded by King Charles I for his actions at the battles of Newbury and Naseby, and created baron Stuart of Newbury and Earl of Lichfield in 1644. Charles Stewart (1639-1672), the son of Bernard's younger brother George, who had been killed at the battle of Edgehill, inherited the title upon his uncle's death on September 26, 1645 soon after the battle of Rowton Heath. Charles' cousin, who held the titles of Duke of Richmond and Earl of Lennox through the 1st Duke of Lennox's eldest son James, died aged 11 in 1660 with Charles as his heir. He married the celebrated beauty and former mistress of King Charles II, Frances Teresa Stuart. In disgrace with the king, Charles was sent into exile as ambassador to Denmark, where he drowned in December 12, 1672. All of the English and Scottish titles that had been bestowed upon the male heirs became extinct.

In 1674, King Charles II created Sir Edward Henry Lee Bt, Viscount Quarendon and Earl of Litchfield. The Earl married Charlotte Fitzroy in 1667. She was the illegitimate daughter of the King and Barbara Villiers. Their eldest son George Henry Lee (1690-1742) passed the title onto his son George Henry Lee (1718-1772) who died without issue. The last male heir of the Lees of Quarendon, was Edward's only surviving son Robert and when Robert died childless, the title became extinct once more.

George Anson (1697- 1762), joined the Royal Navy in 1712 and by 1722 had risen to Captain. During the War of the Austrian Succession he commanded HMS Centurian on a mission to harass and capture Spanish ships en-route from Acapulco to the Philippines. Anson returned to England in 1744 having captured the Señora de Cavadonga a galleon containing an immense amount of treasure worth around £500,000. His new wealth bought him status and privileges and he rose to become Admiral of the Fleet. George's elder brother, Thomas, had succeeded to the family estate in 1720 and served as Member of Parliament for Lichfield from 1747. Thomas inherited all his brother's enormous fortune and died unmarried in 1773. The family estate of Shugborough was left to his sister's son, George Adams of Orgreave. George Adams legally adopted the name of Anson on April 30 1773 and in 1806 he was created Viscount Anson. His son Thomas was created Earl of Lichfield in the 1831 coronation honours of William IV.

The current Earl, Thomas Patrick John Anson, more commonly known as photographer Patrick Lichfield He inherited the title from his grandfather. His father Thomas Anson, Viscount Anson died before acceding to the title.

Table of contents
1 Earls of Lichfield (1644)
2 Earls of Lichfield, second Creation (1674)
3 Viscounts Anson (1806)
4 Earls of Lichfield, third Creation (1831)

Earls of Lichfield (1644)

Earls of Lichfield, second Creation (1674)

Viscounts Anson (1806)

Earls of Lichfield, third Creation (1831)