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Devolution is a term in politics meaning the devolving of powers from central government to local government. The devolution can be mainly financial, e.g. giving regions a budget which was formerly administered by central government. It can also be political - see: devolved government.

Devolution is also an ecclesiastical term, meaning the right of an ecclesiastical superior (e.g. a bishop) to appoint someone to a benefice (e.g. a parish) when the ordinary patron or collator (i.e. the person or body with the right to appoint) has failed to do so, either because an improper candidate has been nominated or because no candidate could be found.