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Desha County, Arkansas

Desha County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2000, the population is 15,341. The county seat is Arkansas City.

Desha County was formed on 12 December 1838 and was named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812. Local pronunciation of the name is deh-SHAY.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,123 km² (820 mi²). 1,981 km² (765 mi²) of it is land and 141 km² (55 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 6.65% water.


As of the census2 of 2000, there are 15,341 people, 5,922 households, and 4,192 families residing in the county. The population density is 8/km² (20/mi²). There are 6,663 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (9/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 50.50% White, 46.33% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.73% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 3.16% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,922 households out of which 34.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% are married couples living together, 19.90% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% are non-families. 26.90% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.10.

In the county the population is spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 87.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $24,121, and the median income for a family is $30,028. Males have a median income of $29,623 versus $18,913 for females. The per capita income for the county is $13,446. 28.90% of the population and 23.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 39.60% are under the age of 18 and 24.00% are 65 or older.

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