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Demographics of the United States

Current demographics of the United States

The U.S. population for July 2002 was estimated by the Census Bureau to be 288,368,698, a 2.47% increase over the July 2000 estimate of 281,421,906. The U.S. population more than tripled during the 20th century, a growth rate of about 1.3% a year, having been about 76 million in 1900.

The following is a list of the ten most populous cities in the country, with their estimates for 2002 and 2000. The trend column indicates whether the city is growing (+) or shrinking (-), based on the two estimates.
Rank TrendCity July 2002 
 July 2000 
1.+New York City, New York8,084,3168,008,278
2.+Los Angeles, California3,798,9813,694,820
3.-Chicago, Illinois2,886,2512,896,016
4.+Houston, Texas2,009,8341,953,631
5.-Philadelphia, Pennsylvania1,492,2311,517,550
6.+Phoenix, Arizona1,371,9601,321,045
7.+San Diego, California1,259,5321,223,400
8.+Dallas, Texas1,211,4671,118,580
9.-Detroit, Michigan925,051951,270
10.+San Jose, California900,443894,943

City rankings by metropolitan area are also available.

The most densely populated state is New Jersey (372/

Age structure: (2000 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.91% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 14.2 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 3.5 migrants/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratios: (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 6.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy: (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.06 children born/woman (2000 est.)


Ethnic groups:
a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (especially of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) who may be of any race or ethnic group.

Religious beliefs: (2001 American Religious Identification Survey)
Protestant 52%
Catholic 24.5%
None 13.2%
Jewish 1.3%
Muslim 0.5%
Buddhist 0.5%
Agnostic 0.5%
Atheist 0.4%
Hindu 0.4%
Unitarian Universalist 0.3%
Pagan 0.07%
Wiccan 0.06%
Spiritualist 0.06%
Native American 0.05%
Others less than 100,000 adherents or unclassified. 5.4% refused to respond to the question.

Of the religious groups, an average of 54% reported being member of a church, temple, synagogue or mosque, with widely varying percentages, from 83% for evengelical to 19% for those of no religion.

Languages in the United States:
English, Spanish (spoken by a sizable minority)

Literacy: (age 15 and over can read and write, 1979 est.)

See also: