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Deerfield, Massachusetts

Deerfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,750.

For geographic and demographic information on the village of South Deerfield, please see the article South Deerfield, Massachusetts.

On February 29, 1704 Native Americans attacked and destroyed Deerfield.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 86.4 km² (33.4 mi²). 83.6 km² (32.3 mi²) of it is land and 2.7 km² (1.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 3.18% water.


As of the census of 2000, there are 4,750 people, 1,965 households, and 1,310 families residing in the town. The population density is 56.8/km² (147.1/mi²). There are 2,060 housing units at an average density of 24.6/km² (63.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.24% White, 0.48% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 1,965 households out of which 28.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% are non-families. 26.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.41 and the average family size is 2.92.

In the town the population is spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $49,764, and the median income for a family is $64,909. Males have a median income of $40,413 versus $31,069 for females. The per capita income for the town is $24,555. 4.5% of the population and 2.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.3% are under the age of 18 and 6.5% are 65 or older.