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Darwinism is a term used for various processes related to the ideas of Charles Darwin, particularly concerning evolution and natural selection.

It is rarely used by biologists, but is occasionally used by philosophers, mathematicians, and social scientists to describe evolutionary processes that resemble the evolution of life, such as the development of software with genetic algorithms.

When used in this way, the concept of Darwinism is divorced from the details of biological evolution.

A Darwinian process requires the following conditions:

In any system given these four conditions, by whatever means, evolution is likely to occur. That is, over time, the entities will accumulate complex traits that favor their reproduction.