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Crystal filter

A Crystal Filter is a special form of quartz crystal used in electronics systems, in particular communications devices. It provides a very precisely defined centre frequency and very steep bandpass characteristics, that is a very high Q factor - far higher than can be obtained with conventional lumped circuits.

A crystal filter is very often found in the IF stages of high-quality radio receivers. Cheaper sets may use ceramic filters (which also exploit the piezoelectric effect), or tuned circuits. The use of a fixed IF frequency allows a crystal filter to be used because it has a very precise fixed frequency.