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The cryotron is a switch that operates using superconductivity. The cryotron works on the principle that magnetic fields destroy superconductivity. The cryotron is a piece of tantalum wrapped with a coil of niobium placed in a liquid helium bath. When the current flows through the tantalum wire it is superconducting, but when a current flows through the niobium a magnetic field is produced. This destroys the superconductivity which makes the current slow down or stop.