refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries
, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism
. Counter-terrorism is not specific to any one field or organization; rather, it involves entities from all levels of society. For instance, businesses have security plans and sometimes share commercial data with the government. Local police
, and emergency medical personnel (often called "first responders") have plans for dealing with terrorist attack. Armies
operations against terrorists, often using special forces
. Building a counter-terrorism plan involves all segments of a society.
Protecting against terrorism is an increasingly important task for military and security forces around the world. Counter-terrorism activities also include intelligence gathering, bomb disposal, negotiation, and hostage rescue. In the United States, counter-terrorism grew in importance following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
The term counter-terrorism originally refered to terrorist activities that were in response (or revenge) to other terrorist activities, although this sense of the word is now obsolete.
See also: counter-insurgency