Council-controlled organisationsCouncil-controlled organisations
, council organisations
and council-controlled trading organisations
in New Zealand
are what were formerly known as Local Authority Trading Enterprises
). Introduced under Sections 6 and 7 of the Local Government Act 2002
, they are essentially any company with a majority council
shareholding, or a trust or similar organisation with a majority of council-controlled votes or council-appointed trustees, unless
designated otherwise. More than one council may be represented in a council-controlled organisation.
They are used for widely varying purposes by councils. For example, the Wellington City Council uses trusts to hold museums and its zoo, while in 1996 the Horowhenua District Council transferred its library functions to the Horowhenua Library Trust.
In the past, as LATEs, the for-profit LATEs were seen as the local government equivalent of State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs). Many of these, which included bus companies, diagnostic laboratories, public works divisions and property investment companies, were privatised. For-profit council organisatons are now termed council-controlled trading organisations under the Act.
There is a mechanism under Section 7 of the Act to manually designate exceptions. The automatic exceptions include:
- electricity companies and electricity trusts
- energy companies
- port companies and port company subsidiaries
- Infrastructure Auckland and its subsidiaries
- New Zealand Local Government Association and its subsidiaries
- New Zealand Local Government Insurance Corporation
- Watercare Services (Auckland)