Corporatization is an aspect of Corporate nationalism, a political movement begun under the autocratic rule of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French from 1852 and refined in Italy under Benito Mussolini from 1922.
National railroads, The initial impetus to corporatization of functions that had belonged to national and local governing bodies began in the sphere of national railroad construction in mid-19th century.
Corporate water. The first initiatives to privatize water delivery at a national level probably started with Napoleon III. The corporatization of water supplies has spread from France to the rest of the world. In a 2000 article, Fortune magazine exulted that water "will be to the 21st century what oil was to the 20th." And the magazine was thrilled that "the liquid everybody needs . . . is going private, creating one of the world's great business opportunities." Trans-national conglomerates already have privatized all or parts of the water systems of Atlanta, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Bolivia, Casablanca, Charleston, Chattanooga, Ghana, Houston, Jacksonville, Jersey City, Lexington, New Orleans, Peoria, Ontario, San Francisco and other places. Today, some 10 corporations dominate the global water industry, with two French companies holding the lion's share. Most are multi-utility providers that are considered essential supporters of national infrastructure.