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Continuous operation

In telecommunication, the term continuous operation has the following meanings:

1. Operation in which certain components, such as nodes, facilities, circuits, or equipment, are in an operational state at all times.

Note: Continuous operation usually requires that there be fully redundant configuration, or at least a sufficient X out of Y degree of redundancy for compatible equipment, where X is the number of spare components and Y is the number of operational components.

2. In data transmission, operation in which the master station need not stop for a reply from a slave station after transmitting each message or transmission block.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188