is a cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. It can be used to describe a business's customer base and shareholders, or a charity's donors or those it served. The most common meaning of constituency
occurs in politics
and means group of people or geographical area that a particular elected representative or group of elected representatives represents. Specifically, it often refers to the group or area from which voters in an election are drawn. Depending on the electoral system
being used, a constituency may elect one or more members. Each constituency in the United Kingdom
now elects one member, though some used to elect more than one. Constituencies in the Republic of Ireland
elect between 3 and 5 TDss
, while constituencies between 1536
in the Kingdom of Ireland
used to return 2 MPs. Northern Ireland constituencies elects 6 MLAs
to the Northern Ireland Assembly
In the United Kingdom a constituency is sometimes called a Parliamentary seat.
A marginal constituency is one where the margin between the expected voting for the major parties in an election is slim. In United Kingdom general elections, the voting in a relatively small number of marginal constituencies usually determines the outcome of the entire election.
MPs elected in the UK general election, 2001 includes the constituencies as they stood at the last general election.
In the United States, constituencies are known as Districts.
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