Commonwealth of England
was the republican government which ruled first England
and then the whole of Britain
. The term is also loosely used to describe the system of government during the whole of 1649 - 1660, the years of the Interregnum
, although during 1653 - 1659, the government is properly called The Protectorate
and took the form of direct personal rule by Oliver Cromwell
, the Lord Protector
The Commonwealth was followed by the Restoration.