Common Snipe, G. g. delicata
The Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago is a small stocky shorebird.
Adults have short greenish-grey legs and a very long straight dark bill. The body is mottled brown on top and pale underneath. They have a dark stripe through the eye, with light stripes above and below it. The wings are pointed.
These birds forage in soft mud, probing or picking up food by sight. They mainly eat insects and earthworms, also plant material.
The male performs "winnowing" display during courtship, flying high in circles and then taking shallow dives to produce a distinctive sound. The North American population was reduced by hunting near the end of the 19th century and loss of habitat. However, this bird remains fairly common.
The New World form, G. g. delicata, is increasingly considered a separate species, Wilson's Snipe, G. delicata. It has a narrower white edge to the wings, and eight pairs of tail feathers instead on seven.