Christian philosophyChristian philosophy
is a two-millennia tradition of rational thought as applied to the Christian
tradition. No survey article can do more than touch on the most major figures and traditions, each of which are covered in articles of their own. Also there has been considerable interaction with Jewish philosophy
and Islamic philosophy
that continues into the modern era, e.g. modern Islamic philosophy
explores many issues in common with modern Catholic philosophy.
Crucial figures in the history of Christian philosophy are:
The latter two are major figures in Scholastic philosophy
which led to:
- Renaissance philosophy - emerging from Scholasticism
- Reformation philosophy - Martin Luther and Erasmus notably
- Enlightenment philosophy - by authors who were part of or reacting to Christian norms
More modern Christian philosophy is effectively indistinguishable from secular philosophy
in most methodological respects, although some major figures, e.g. Pope John Paul II
, have taken issue with some of these as unethical. See Fides et Ratio for a detailed review of this work.
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See also: ethics, Ethics in the Bible, moral philosophy