The city was created in 1963, when the former independent city of South Norfolk absorbed Norfolk County and reincorporated as the City of Chesapeake. It recently made national headlines when it hosted the first trial of accused Beltway sniper Lee Boyd Malvo.
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According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 908.8 km² (350.9 mi²). 882.5 km² (340.7 mi²) of it is land and 26.4 km² (10.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.90% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 199,184 people, 69,900 households, and 54,172 families residing in the city. The population density is 225.7/km² (584.6/mi²). There are 72,672 housing units at an average density of 82.4/km² (213.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 66.87% White, 28.53% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 69,900 households out of which 41.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% are married couples living together, 14.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% are non-families. 18.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.79 and the average family size is 3.17.
The age distribution is: 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $50,743, and the median income for a family is $56,302. Males have a median income of $39,204 versus $26,391 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,949. 7.3% of the population and 6.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.7% are under the age of 18 and 9.0% are 65 or older.
Along with the rest of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area (including Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg and Poquoson, Virginia), Chesapeake is served by Norfolk International Airport.
City of Chesapeake