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Cheltenham (or Cheltenham Spa) is a spa town in Gloucestershire, England, near Gloucester and Cirencester. In 1991 Cheltenham had a population of 91,300.

The town is located on the edge of the Cotswolds and is generally regarded as respectable and wealthy. It has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springss there in 1716. It is popular as a shopping centre, and is particularly known for its private schools, Cheltenham College and Ladies' College. Cheltenham is also well known nationally because of the horse racing - the Cheltenham Gold Cup, that is hosted there annually.

Cheltenham holds a literary festival every year.

Cheltenham has a number of light industries, including: food processing, aerospace, electronics and tourism. The British government's electronic surveillance operation GCHQ, is located in Cheltenham.

The most famous child of Cheltenham is Gustav Holst.

Cheltenham is also a place in the State of Pennsylvania. See Cheltenham, Pennsylvania.