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Celtic languages

Within Indo-European, the Celtic languages are most closely related to the Italic languages, with which they may form the Celto-Italic branch.

Celtic is split into two branches:

The differences between P and Q languages are most easily seen in the word for son, mac in Q (hard K sound) and map in P languages. P-languages have a slightly simpler structure and may be younger than the Q-languages.

Characteristics of Celtic Languages

Although there are many differences between the individual Celtic languages they do show many family resemblences. While none of these characteristics is necessarily unique to the Celtic languages, there are few if any other languages which possess them all. They include:

Ná bac le mac an bhacaigh is ní bhacfaigh mac an bhacaigh leat.
Not pay-attention to son the beggar's and nor will-pay-attention son the beggar's to-you.

pedwar ar bymtheg ar bedwar hugain
four on fifteen on four twenties

See also