is the (usually intentional) use of any figure of speech
that flagrantly violates the norms of a language community. Compare malapropism
Common forms of catachresis are:
- Using a word to denote something radically different from its normal meaning.
- Using a word out of context.
- Using paradoxical or contradictory logic.
- Creating an illogical mixed metaphor
Catachresis is often used to convey extreme emotion or alienation, and is prominent in baroque
literature and, more recently, in the avant-garde