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A carpet is an affixed floor covering that consists of a piece of heavy thick fabric. It is usually made of heavy woven or felted fabric, often of wool, but also of cotton, hemp, straw or their synthetic counterparts. It is made in breadths to be sewed together and nailed to the floor, as distinguished from a rug or mat which are not affixed to the floor.

Carpets in a house help to reduce noise levels, and also minimize heat loss through the floor. They are also more comfortable to lie or sit on than a hard wooden floor.

Carpets are harder to clean than bare floors, spilt drinks may stain them, and they tend to collect fur from family pets. They must be vacuumed every so often to prevent the accumulation of dust.

Dust mites can survive very well in carpets, and this must be taken into consideration if the occupant is an asthmatic. Around the edges of a carpet, improperly placed nails may be felt and these could be a danger to people in the house.

In certain parts of the world where carpets were common, there is a trend to not have them, and instead varnish the floor boards.

Production of carpets

Hand-made carpets are produced in regions including: Iran, Nepal, Turkmenistan.

The importance of carpets in the culture of Turkmenistan is such that the national flag features a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs).

See also: Rug-making

much more inforamtion needed about: manufacturing processes, designs, materials used, usages....

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