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3 Cities and towns
Geography\nThe parish has a total area of 1,400 km2 (541 mi2). 1,371 km2 (529 mi2) of it is land and 29 km2 (11 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 2.09% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census2 of 2000, there are 10,560 people, 3,941 households, and 2,817 families residing in the parish. The population density is 8/km2 (20/mi2). There are 5,035 housing units at an average density of 4/km2 (10/mi2). The racial makeup of the parish is 80.43% White, 17.90% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,941 households out of which 32.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% are married couples living together, 12.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% are non-families. 25.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 2.99.
In the parish the population is spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 103.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 100.20 males.
The median income for a household in the parish is $26,972, and the median income for a family is $33,653. Males have a median income of $29,677 versus $19,475 for females. The per capita income for the parish is $13,884. 21.20% of the population and 17.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 27.10% are under the age of 18 and 19.50% are 65 or older.
Cities and towns\n*Clarks\n*Columbia\n*Grayson