Location, villages and borders
Buckland is located east of the Baranduin (Brandywine) river. The hobbits living in Buckland grew the High Hay, a hedge, to protect themselves against evil from the nearby Old Forest, which borders Buckland to the east. Buckland is bordered in the north by the Hay Gate, the only entrance to Buckland near the Brandywine Bridge. In the south the borders of Buckland follow the High Hay until the Withywindle joins the Baranduin near the village of Haysend. The most important town of Buckland is Bucklebury where the Brandy Hall is located.
History and Culture
Buckland was settled around 2340 T.A. by Gorhendad Oldbuck, the ancestor of Meriadoc Brandybuck. Gorhendad Oldbuck thus became the first Master of Buckland.
Because Buckland is east of the Baranduin it isn't part of the land given to the hobbits by King Argeleb II of Arthedain. It was thus not part of the Shire proper until the beginning of the Fourth Era when King Elessar made Buckland and the Westmarch part of the Shire.
The Bucklanders are unlike other hobbits as they are prepared for danger and are thus less naive than the Shire-hobbits. They close the Hay Gate and their own front doors at night and are prepared to rush to arms when the Horn of Buckland is blown.