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In Insular Brythonic mythology, and especially in Britain, Britannia was the patron goddess of the early British Celtic tribes. In more recent tradition, she is viewed as the personification of Great Britain. On British coins, she first appeared on the farthing in 1672, followed by the halfpenny later the same year, on the penny coin between 1797 and 1970, and on the 50 pence coin since 1969.

Classical Romans referred to the island of Britain and to the various administrative provinces they set up there using the name Britannia. (See Roman Britain.)

Britannia is also the name of a charter airline company that flies out of London, Liverpool and Manchester to many sunspots worldwide. It uses Boeing 757 and 767 planes to transport its passengers.

Britannia can refer to the Royal Yacht Britannia.