The Brahmic family
is a family of abugidas used in South Asia
and Southeast Asia
The individuals abugidas may be called Brahmic scripts
or Indic scripts
The term Nagari
is also used for those Brahmic scripts that are used to write Indic languages.
Brahmic scripts are ultimately descended from the script for ancient Sanskrit.
The most prominent member of the family is Devanagari, which is used to write several languages in India, as well as Nepal, including both Indic languages and Dravidian languages.
Burmese, Cambodian and Thai are also written in Brahmic scripts, though with considerable modification to suit their phonology.
- The inherent vowel is short 'a' (in Bengali, it is short 'o', which comes from Sanskrit short 'a'). Other vowels are written by adding to the character.
- 'u' is written below, short 'i' is written to the left if distinct from long 'i'.
- Consonants can be combined. Special marks are added to denote the combination of 'r' with another consonant.
- Nasalization is written with a dot above the letter.
Many languages using Brahmic scripts are now also written in a Latin script
, but this is making little headway in India itself.
Urdu, a language native to India, uses the Arabic alphabet, not an Indic script.
List of Brahmic Scripts encoded in Unicode