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Bowden cable

A bowden cable is a type of flexible cable used to transmit mechanical force or energy by the movement of an inner cable (most commonly of steel) relative to a hollow outer cable.

This movement is always in the direction of the lie of the cable, that is a push or pull rather than a twist, and may be in either direction. Other types of sheathed mechanical cables exist, but what distinguishes the bowden cable is the direction of the force.