According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,096 km² (423 mi²). 1,095 km² (423 mi²) of it is land and 1 km² (0 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.10% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 46,107 people, 17,081 households, and 12,810 families residing in the county. The population density is 42/km² (109/mi²). There are 17,929 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (42/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 97.92% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 17,081 households out of which 38.00% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.40% are married couples living together, 7.80% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.00% are non-families. 21.10% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.65 and the average family size is 3.09.
In the county the population is spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $49,632, and the median income for a family is $58,879. Males have a median income of $39,534 versus $26,266 for females. The per capita income for the county is $24,182. 5.20% of the population and 3.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.80% are under the age of 18 and 9.00% are 65 or older.