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Biblical references to incest

The Bible contains a number of references to incest. A minority of people who question the incest taboo often use these references to support philosophical arguments that the taboo is outdated and antiquated.

The above references all occur prior to the laws of Leviticus which prohibited sexual relationships between close relatives. The Bible also makes several references to marriage of cousins. It should be noted however that cousins are not included in the list of "close relatives" prohibited from sexual relations by Levitican law (Lev 18: 7-24). Marriages between cousins can be found both before and after Leviticus and therefore should probably not be considered "incest" from a biblical perspective. Isaac's mariage to his second cousin would be permitted in most jurisdictions under modern law.