In the Battle of Bouvines, July, 1214, Philip Augustus of France defeated Otto IV of Germany and count Ferrand of Flanders so decisively that Otto was deposed and replaced by Frederick II Hohenstaufen. Ferrand was captured and imprisoned. Philip was himself able to take undisputed control of the territories of Anjou, Brittany, Maine, Normandy, and the Touraine, which he had recently seized from Otto's ally John of England.
The city of Bouvines is between Lille and Tournai, and in the 13th century was in the County of Flanders and is part of modern Belgium.
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