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in the west of
The peninsula is divided into two parts:
The northern part is the
State of Baja California
. To avoid confusion, this state is often referred to as "Baja California Norte".
The southern part, below 28°N, is the
State of Baja California Sur
: Spanish settlement in California
: The Spanish colony of California is divided into Alta ("high") and Baja ("low") California at the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south.
has been annexed by the United States to become the US state of
, Baja California is further divided into northern and southern territories.
becomes the 29th state of Mexico.
: The southern territory becomes the 31st state,
Baja California Sur
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