In the United States the LL.B. and J.D., are three year graduate degrees taken after completion of a four-year undergraduate degree. Foreign law graduates must often study to receive an LL.M, the masters degree equivalent, before qualifying for bar admission procedures. In the United States the LL.B. has mostly been replaced by the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, although the form and structure of the degree is little changed.
In most of the Commonwealth, the LL.B. remains the qualifying degree for the practice of law, though some universities award the degree of Bachelor of Civil Law (B.C.L.). In the universities of Oxford and Cambridge the principal law degree is a B.A in law (or "Jurisprudence"), the B.C.L. and LL.B. (recently renamed LL.M.) being postgraduate degrees not needed to practise law.