, ethnarch of Judea
, was the son of Herod the Great
and Malthace and brother of Herod Antipas
. He received the kingdom of Judea by the last will of his father, though a previous will had bequeathed it to his brother Antipas
. He was proclaimed king by the army, but declined to assume the title until he had submitted his claims to Augustus Caesar
. Before setting out, he quelled with the utmost cruelty a sedition of the Pharisees, slaying nearly 3000 of them. At Rome he was opposed by Antipas and by many of the Jews, who feared his cruelty; but in 4 BC
Augustus allotted to him the greater part of the kingdom (Judea
, Ituraea) with the title of ethnarch. He married Glaphyra, the widow of his brother Alexander, though his wife and her second husband, Juba, king of Mauretania
, were alive. This violation of the Mosaic law and his continued cruelty roused the Jews, who complained to Augustus. Archelaus was deposed in the year 6
and banished to Vienne
. The date of his death is unknown.
Archelaus is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew 2:22, and the parable of the pounds in the Gospel of Luke 19:11-27 probably refers to his journey to Rome.
- (from an old encyclopedia)