in its broadest sense is a name
or designation. With respect to wine
, it refers to a geographical
-based term used to identify where the grapes
for a wine were grown. In France
, the full term is Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée
and goes beyond geography (and wine).
The equivalent in the United States is the American Viticulture Area; in the European Union, it is the Protected Designation of Origin.