Apollonius of PergaApollonius of Perga
(about 262 BC
- about 190 BC
) was a Greek geometer, noted for his writings on conic sections
. It was Apollonius who gave the ellipse
, the parabola
, and the hyperbola
the names by which we know them. The hypotheses of eccentric orbits, or equivalently, deferent and epicycles, to explain the apparent motion of the planets and the varying speed of the Moon, are also attributed to him.