Amstrad CPC 464
The Amstrad CPC 464
was an 8-bit home computer
produced by Amstrad
in the 1980s
. CPC was an acronym for 'Colour Personal Computer', although it was possible to purchase a CPC with a green screen
(GT65/66) as well as with the standard colour screen (CTM640).
The CPC 464 was designed to be a direct competitor to the Commodore 64
and Sinclair ZX Spectrum
The CPC 464 featured a Zilog Z80 processor, 64 KB of RAM, a palette of 27 colours, and an integrated cassette tape deck for program and data storage. Like most home computers at the time, the 464 had its OS and a BASIC interpreter built in (ie. in ROM). Because the CPC 464 shared the Z80 processor with the ZX Spectrum, some games manufacturers developed games for the two systems partly in parallel.
Later models in the CPC series were the Amstrad CPC 664 and Amstrad CPC 6128, both of which featured a 3-inch disk drive in place of the 464's tape player (among other differences). Note about the model names: The first digit was a code for the main storage system; '4' denoted a tape deck and '6' a 3-inch floppy disk drive. The remaining digits described the RAM capacity. Thus:
- CPC 464 - Colour Personal Computer, Tape Deck, 64K RAM
- CPC 664 - Colour Personal Computer, 3" Floppy Disk Drive, 64K RAM
- CPC 6128 - Colour Personal Computer, 3" Floppy Disk Drive, 128K RAM
Some later models had extra functions built into BASIC, an enhanced colour palette and a read-only cartridge system. This 'Plus' range also included the GX4000 console, and was a massive commercial failure, not least due to limited game releases from other companies. The plus range was only available for the CPC 464 and CPC 6128 models and was denoted by a '+' following the model name.
Magazines available for the system (at various times) included Amtix, Computing With The Amstrad, (the official) Amstrad Computer User, Amstrad Action, and CPC Attack!
Notable games include Bloodwych, the Rick Dangerous, Turrican and Dizzy series, and Head Over Heels.\n