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In the Bible, Amraphel was a king from the time of Abraham. He was king of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and the cities of the plain. It is now believed that this is the person which in non-biblical history is known as Hammurabi, and who was the first to rule over all of Sumer, starting the Babylonian empire.