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Amaziah ("strengthened by Jehovah") was the name of several individuals in the Old Testament.

1. The king of Judah, and son and successor of Joash (2 Kings 14:1-4). Albright has dated his reign to 800 - 783 BC, while Thiele offers the dates 796 - 767 BC.

Amaziah began his reign by punishing the murderers of his father (5-7; 2 Chronicles 25:3-5). He was the first to employ a mercenary army of 100,000 Israelite soldiers, which he did in his attempt to bring the Edomites again under the yoke of Judah (2 Chr. 25:5, 6). He was commanded by a prophet of the Lord to send back the mercenaries, to whom he acquiesed (2 Chr. 25:7-10, 13), much to the annoyance of the mercenaries. His obedience to this command was followed by a decisive victory over the Edomites (2 Chr. 25:14-16). Amaziah began to worship some of the idols he took from the Edomites, which the author of Chronicles believes led to his ruin when he was defeated by Jehoash, king of Israel whom he had challenged to battle. His defeat resulted in a conspiracy that took his life (2 Kings 14:8-14, 19). He was slain at Lachish, whither he had fled, and his body was brought upon horses to Jerusalem, where it was buried in the royal sepulchre (2 Kings 14:19, 20; 2 Chr. 25:27, 28).

2. A Levite, son of Hilkiah, of the descendants of Ethan the Merarite (1 Chr. 6:45).

3. A priest of the golden calves at Bethel (Amos 7:10-17).

4. The father of Joshah, one of the Simeonite chiefs in the time of Hezekiah (1 Chr. 4:34).

From Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897)