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This article is about the Native American tribe. For other uses see: Algonquin (disambiguation)
The Algonquin Indians are the most populous and widespread North American Native groups, with tribes originally numbering in the hundreds and speaking several related languages commonly known as Algonquian. Although theirs was largely a hunting and fishing culture, some practised agriculture and cultivated corn, beans, and squash.

The tribe originally inhabited the region around the Ottowa Valley, and (in the 18th century), Southern Ontario.

They fought the Iroquois due to their rivalry in the fur trade; and formed an alliance with the Montagnais to the east in 1570.

From 1603 they allied themselves with the French.