His elevation was the result of a revolution in the city against Isaac II and Alexius IV. He conducted the defence with great bravery until it became hopeless (April 12), whereupon he fled. He attempted to ally with his fellow ex-emperor Alexius III against the Latins, but Alexius III had him blinded and delivered into the hands of the crusaders, who put him to death by casting him from the top of the Pillar of Theodosius as the murderer of Alexius IV. He was the last Byzantine emperor before the establishment of the Latin Empire, which controlled Constantinople for the next 57 years.
Alexius IV and Isaac II
|Byzantine emperors||Followed by:
(Empire of Nicaea)
Initial text from 1911 encyclopedia -- Please update as needed\n